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14 Forest Rd, Lara VIC 3212

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Glossary of Terms

Dental terms can be confusing. For this reason we have included some of the more common terms below with their meaning. If you have further questions please do not hesitate to get in contact.


An infection of a tooth, soft tissue, or bone.


Tooth or teeth on either side of a missing tooth that support a fixed or removable bridge.


A modification made upon a dental prosthesis after it has been completed and inserted into the mouth.

Air abrasion/Micro abrasion

A drill-free technique that blasts the tooth surface with air and an abrasive. This is a relatively new technology that may avoid the need for an anaesthetic and can be used to remove tooth decay, old composite restorations and superficial stains and discolorations, and prepare a tooth surface for bonding or sealants.

Alveolar Bone

The bone surrounding the root of the tooth, anchoring it in place; loss of this bone is typically associated with severe periodontal (gum) disease.


A common filling material used to repair cavities. The material, also known as “silver fillings,” contains mercury in combination with silver, tin, copper, and sometimes zinc.

Anaerobic Bacteria

Bacteria that do not need oxygen to grow; they are generally associated with periodontal disease


A state of pain relief; an agent for lessening pain.


A type of medication that results in partial or complete elimination of pain sensation; numbing a tooth is an example of local anaesthesia; general anaesthesia produces partial or complete unconsciousness.

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